terça-feira, 15 de abril de 2014


Os pronomes relativos são: “that, who, whom, which e whose”. Eles se referem a termos citados anteriormente e devem ser usados sempre para se introduzir uma oração subordinada a uma oração principal.

Cada pronome possui sua função diferenciada, por exemplo:

THAT (que): relativo a pessoas, animais e coisas.

He is the man that saved the planet. (Ele é o homem que salvou o planeta).
That is the dog that bit my neighbor. (Aquele é o cachorro que mordeu minha vizinha).
This is the TV that is on sale. (Esta é a televisão que está na promoção).

WHICH (que, o qual, os quais, a qual, as quais): relativo a coisas e animais.

This is the bus which I take to go home. (Este é o ônibus que eu pego para ir para casa).
This is the cat which got in trouble yesterday. (Este é o gato que entrou numa fria ontem).

WHO E WHOM (que ou quem): relativo a pessoas.

The girl whom Peter married is my cousin. (A garota com que Peter se casou é minha prima).
There is a man outside who wants to see you. (Há um homem lá fora que quer falar com você).

WHOSE (cujo, cuja, cujos, cujas): relativo à posse, é usado para pessoas e animais.

That is the girl whose brother was making some magic tricks at the party last Saturday. (Aquela é a garota cujo irmão estava fazendo alguns truques de mágica na festa sábado).
This is the shirt whose sleeves are too tight. (Esta é a camisa cujas mangas são muito apertadas).
Apesar de ser possível utilizar os pronomes relativos “that e whom” para se referir a pessoas, deve-se usar somente o pronome “whom” quando houver uma preposição na frase. Cabe ainda lembrar que esse pronome deve vir após a preposição.

The boy about whom you were talking is my brother. (O garoto sobre quem você estava falando, é meu irmão).fonte:brasilescola

1. Choose one of the following relative pronouns whowhich or whose from the dropdown menu.
1) I talked to the girl  car had broken down in front of the shop.
2) Mr Richards,  is a taxi driver, lives on the corner.
3) We often visit our aunt in Norwich  is in East Anglia.
4) This is the girl  comes from Spain.
5) That's Peter, the boy  has just arrived at the airport.
6) Thank you very much for your e-mail  was very interesting.
7) The man,  father is a professor, forgot his umbrella.
8) The children,  shouted in the street, are not from our school.
9) The car,  driver is a young man, is from Ireland.
10) What did you do with the money  your mother lent you?
2. Put in the relative whowhich or whose where necessary. Type an x if the relative pronoun can be left out.
1) This is the boy  had an accident.
2) Yesterday I saw a car  was really old.
3) Mandy is the girl  I met on Friday.
4) I haven't seen Frank,  brother is five, for a long time now.
5) The robber stole the car  the lady parked in front of the supermarket.
6) This is the man  house is on fire.
7) Can I talk to the girl  is sitting on the bench?
8) The book  you gave me is great.
9) She likes hamburgers  are hot.
10) Bill Clinton,  was President of the USA, has only one daughter.

3 – (CARLOS CHAGAS – SP) My neighbor, ... name is Peter, will arrive tomorrow
a)      whose
b)      what
c)      what
d)      when
e)      of whom
f)        her

4 - (CARLOS CHAGAS – SP) My sister, ... lives in Italy, ... Italian fluently
a)      which – speak
b)      who – speaks
c)      who – speak
d)      that – speak
e)      what – speaks

5 – (PUCCAMP – SP) Her brother’s restaurant,... is easy to find, has excellent food
a)      that
b)      which
c)      _
d)      What
e)      None of the above alternatives apply

6 – (CARLOS CHAGAS – SP) My oldest sister, ... books you borrowed, is looking for you
a)      what
b)      which
c)      who
d)      whom
e)      whose

7 – (CARLOS CHAGAS – SP) My uncle Harry, ... I haven’t seen for years, is coming for Christmas
a)      that
b)      what
c)      which
d)      whom
e)      whose

8 – (CARLOS CHAGAS) Érico Veríssimo is a writer ... style I appreciate very much
a)      whose
b)      that
c)      who
d)      of that
e)      of whom

9 – (FMU – SP) He is the man ... sings very well
a)      whom
b)      how
c)      which
d)      who
e)      what

10 – (UFSCar – SP) Go and find the driver ... arrived here yesterday
a)      he
b)      who
c)      whose
d)      what
e)      whom

11 – (PUC – RS) That is the girl ... we spoke with
a)      who
b)      which
c)      what
d)      of who
e)      of that

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