Os pronomes relativos são: “that, who, whom, which e whose”. Eles se referem a termos citados anteriormente e devem ser usados sempre para se introduzir uma oração subordinada a uma oração principal. Cada pronome possui sua função diferenciada, por exemplo: THAT (que): relativo a pessoas, animais e coisas. He is the man that saved the planet. (Ele é o homem que salvou o planeta). That is the dog that bit my neighbor. (Aquele é o cachorro que mordeu minha vizinha). This is the TV that is on sale. (Esta é a televisão que está na promoção). WHICH (que, o qual, os quais, a qual, as quais): relativo a coisas e animais. This is the bus which I take to go home. (Este é o ônibus que eu pego para ir para casa). This is the cat which got in trouble yesterday. (Este é o gato que entrou numa fria ontem). WHO E WHOM (que ou quem): relativo a pessoas. The girl whom Peter married is my cousin. (A garota com que Peter se casou é minha prima). There is a man outside who wants to see you. (Há um homem lá fora que quer falar com você). WHOSE (cujo, cuja, cujos, cujas): relativo à posse, é usado para pessoas e animais. That is the girl whose brother was making some magic tricks at the party last Saturday. (Aquela é a garota cujo irmão estava fazendo alguns truques de mágica na festa sábado). This is the shirt whose sleeves are too tight. (Esta é a camisa cujas mangas são muito apertadas). Apesar de ser possível utilizar os pronomes relativos “that e whom” para se referir a pessoas, deve-se usar somente o pronome “whom” quando houver uma preposição na frase. Cabe ainda lembrar que esse pronome deve vir após a preposição. The boy about whom you were talking is my brother. (O garoto sobre quem você estava falando, é meu irmão).fonte:brasilescola
1. Choose one of the following relative pronouns who, which or whose from the dropdown menu.
1) I talked to the girl car had broken down in front of the shop.
2) Mr Richards, is a taxi driver, lives on the corner.
3) We often visit our aunt in Norwich is in East Anglia.
4) This is the girl comes from Spain.
5) That's Peter, the boy has just arrived at the airport.
6) Thank you very much for your e-mail was very interesting.
7) The man, father is a professor, forgot his umbrella.
8) The children, shouted in the street, are not from our school.
9) The car, driver is a young man, is from Ireland.
10) What did you do with the money your mother lent you?
2. Put in the relative who, which or whose where necessary. Type an x if the relative pronoun can be left out.
1) This is the boy had an accident.
2) Yesterday I saw a car was really old.
3) Mandy is the girl I met on Friday.
4) I haven't seen Frank, brother is five, for a long time now.
5) The robber stole the car the lady parked in front of the supermarket.
6) This is the man house is on fire.
7) Can I talk to the girl is sitting on the bench?
8) The book you gave me is great.
9) She likes hamburgers are hot.
10) Bill Clinton, was President of the USA, has only one daughter.
3 – (CARLOS CHAGAS – SP) My neighbor, ... name is Peter, will arrive tomorrow
e) of whom
4 - (CARLOS CHAGAS – SP) My sister, ... lives in Italy, ... Italian fluently
a) which – speak
b) who – speaks
c) who – speak
d) that – speak
e) what – speaks
5 – (PUCCAMP – SP) Her brother’s restaurant,... is easy to find, has excellent food
e) None of the above alternatives apply
6 – (CARLOS CHAGAS – SP) My oldest sister, ... books you borrowed, is looking for you
7 – (CARLOS CHAGAS – SP) My uncle Harry, ... I haven’t seen for years, is coming for Christmas
8 – (CARLOS CHAGAS) Érico Veríssimo is a writer ... style I appreciate very much
d) of that
e) of whom
9 – (FMU – SP) He is the man ... sings very well
10 – (UFSCar – SP) Go and find the driver ... arrived here yesterday
11 – (PUC – RS) That is the girl ... we spoke with