domingo, 30 de maio de 2010

PLURAL OF NOUNS 1o A,B e C - exercices about Question Words


Antes de estudarmos o novo conteúdo responda às questões abaixo. Próxima aula falaremos sobre PLURAL OF NOUNS – plural dos substantivos

1. A regra geral para a formação do plural é acrescentar um -S ao singular:

book
girl

livro
garota

books
girls

livros
garotas

2. Os substantivos terminados em -o, -ch, -sh, -ss, -x e -z formam o plural acrescentando-se o sufixo -es:

hero
tomato
church
watch
brush
wish
glass
box
buzz
topaz

herói
tomate
igreja
relógio
pincel
desejo
copo
caixa
zumbido
topázio

heroes
tomatoes
churches
watches
brushes
wishes
glasses
boxes
buzzes
topazes

heróis
tomates
igrejas
relógios
pincéis
desejos
copos
caixas
zumbidos
topázios

3. Palavras estrangeiras ou formas abreviadas em -o fazem o plural em -s

cello
dynamo
ghetto
kilo
libretto
magneto
piano
photo
portfolio
radio
solo
soprano
tango

virtuoso

violoncelo dínamo
gueto
quilo
libreto
magneto
piano
foto
pasta
rádio
solo
soprano
tango
virtuoso

cellos
dynamos
ghettos
kilos
librettos
magnetos
pianos
photos
portfolios
radios
solos
sopranos
tangos

virtuosos

violoncelos dínamos
guetos
quilos
libretos
magnetos
pianos
fotos
pastas
rádios
solos
sopranos
tangos
virtuosos

4. Os substantivos terminados em -y, precedidos de consoante, perdem o -y e recebem -ies:

country
family
fly
lady
story

país
família
mosca
senhora
história

countries
families
flies
ladies
stories

países
famílias
moscas
senhoras
histórias


5. Os substantivos abaixo terminados em -f ou -fe perdem essas letras e recebem -ves

calf
elf
half
knife
leaf
life
loaf
self

sheaf
shelf
thief
wife
wolf

bezerro
elfo
metade
faca
folha
vida
pão
a própria
pessoa
feixe
estante
ladrão
esposa
lobo

calves
elves
halves
knives
leaves
lives
loaves
selves

sheaves
shelves
thieves
wives
wolves

bezerro
elfos
metades
facas
folhas
vidas
pães
as próprias
pessoas
feixes
estantes
ladrões
esposas
lobos


6. Todos os demais substantivos terminados em -f ou -fe fazem o plural em -s:

chief
cliff
roof
fife
strife

chefe
penhasco
telhado
pífaro
briga

chiefs
cliffs
roofs
fifes
strifes

chefes
penhascos
telhados
pífaros
brigas


7. Alguns substantivos passam por mudanças de vários tipos:

child
ox
foot
goose
tooth
gentleman
man
woman
louse
mouse

criança
boi

ganso
dente
cavalheiro
homem
mulher
piolho
camundongo

children
oxen
feet
geese
teeth
gentlemen
men
women
lice
mice

crianças
bois
pés
gansos
dentes
cavalheiros
homens
mulheres
piolhos
camundongos


8. Com substantivos compostos, pluralizamos o seu componente principal:

brother-in-law
errand-boy
godfather
maidservant
stepdaughter

cunhado
mensageiro
padrinho
criada
enteada

brothers-in-law
errand-boys
godfathers
maidservants
stepdaughters

cunhados
mensageiros
padrinhos
criadas
enteadas


9. Substantivos de origem estrangeira (gregos ou latinos) mantêm seus plurais originais:

alumnus
analysis
axis
bacillus
bacterium
basis
crisis
criterion
datum
erratum
hypothesis
oasis
phenomenon
radius
stratum

ex-aluno
análise
eixo
bacilo
bactéria
base
crise
critério
dado
errata
hipótese
oásis
fenômeno
raio
estrato

alumni
analyses
axes
bacilli
bacteria
bases
crises
criteria
data
errata
hipotheses
oases
phenomena
radii
strata

ex-alunos
análises
eixos
bacilos
bactérias
bases
crises
critérios
dados
erratas
hipóteses
oásis
fenômenos
raios
estratos


Há, porém, uma tendência em pluralizar palavras de origem estrangeira com o plural inglês:

dogma
bureau

stadium
terminus
memorandum

dogma
escritório
comercial
estádio
término
memorando

dogmas
bureaus

stadiums
terminuses
memorandums

dogmas
escritórios
comerciais
estádios
términos
memorandos


10. Alguns substantivos apresentam a mesma forma para o singular e o plural:

deer
grouse
sheep
species
fish*
salmon
series
trout

veado(s)
galinha(s) silvestre(s)
carneiro(s)
espécie(s)
peixe(s)
salmão(ões)
série(s)
truta(s)

Fonte:Dicasdeingles

Atenção: entre no link abaixo e responda sobre Personal pronouns. Cheque quantas alternativas você acertou:

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/pronouns/personal_pronouns.htm

Agora é a deixa para você responder sobre Question words:

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/questions/question_words.htm

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/questions/question_words.htm

Preste atenção: leia as orações e formule uma pergunta utilizando as Question words.

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/questions/form.htm

Escolha entre várias alternativas qual pergunta é a mais adequada para a resposta dada:

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/questions/answers_questions.htm

20 comentários:

Anônimo disse...

We enjoyed these activities and the content is very important.
Thanks.
Ruth and Thomas
1st Year 'A'

Anônimo disse...

It was good. Somewhat changed the routine of classes
The greatest difficulty level was the translation of sentences, as I paste on the site.
Students: Ericson Wilker and Rosema

Anônimo disse...

we like to answer the exercise but feel difficulties in answering the second and third

Alunas- Josefa Luana e Arielly 1-A

Anônimo disse...

The exercise was easy to understand but feel difficulties nop terciro exercise.

Alunas - Nathanna Sued e Mercia do primeiro A .

Anônimo disse...

We like very much to do these activities because they helped us better understand the subject! We feel a little dificuldade.Media

Emerson, and Plinio Marcos

Anônimo disse...

YES,WE HAD SOME DIFFICULTIES IN THE 3rd YEAR.

Anônimo disse...

We consider the first year the easiest and most difficult was the third
Gardênia and Danielle Ribeiro, 1° "A"

Anônimo disse...

had difficulties with some issues, however, like much of this activity.

rafaela and janiele

Anônimo disse...

what we liked most was the one issue because it was easy to be understood;
and the difficulty was the fourth question because it was very difficult.

gabreila; juliana
1c

Anônimo disse...

liked dssa matter, because the prof JORGE LEAL aims to expand our knowledge of the dicipline of English



frank lampard

Anônimo disse...

We found a little difficult, especially in the third question because he had already studied the subject was forgotten but I hope that we give in the next well.


tamares e fernanda de jesus.

Anônimo disse...

we like the activity, because with it we learn in a different way, but feel a bit of trouble in the third exercise.
students:Sebastiana Érica
josefa claudia
1ªc

Anônimo disse...

ACHAMOS AS ATIVIADADES MUITO INTERESSANTE POIS ANTES DE ESTUDAR O ASSUNTO APRIPORAMOS NOSSO CONHECIMENTO,ASS:GIDERLANIA E RAIANA DO 1°C

uesli disse...

we think it was very dynamic but perhaps a little complex, spend more time
1st year "c"
alunos wesley cruz santana e Erica souza santos

Anônimo disse...

The exercises are very good. But the difficulty for the third question was the worst. In general this activity was one of the best .. Excellent!

Students: Amanda and Cinthia Class: 1st "B"

Anônimo disse...

We really liked this activity because we improved our knowledge and develop our learning.


Nathanna and Tárcio. 1º"B"

Anônimo disse...

We really liked this activity because in addition to get to their majority, we tested our knowledge on the subject.


Naildes and Tainá. 1º"B"

Anônimo disse...

The exercises were great, but in a matter of difficulty to the third question was the worst. In general the activity was very good and served mainly to train our knowledge on the subject ... Excellent!

Students: Amanda and Cinthia Class: 1st "B"

Anônimo disse...

I liked the exercise, just found it a bit tricky the 1st question. It's good to do this once in a while.
by.: Elcimary, Josileide and Tassio
obs.: Tassio participated.
Thanks
1st "B"

Anônimo disse...

I really enjoyed the activity, the first three questions were more easily last you experience difficulty.

Arthur and Deyse

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