domingo, 30 de maio de 2010

DO X MAKE - CONDITIONAL TENSE - 3o A


Nós, que falamos português, sofremos muito quando precisamos verter o verbo “fazer” para a língua inglesa. Para nós, existe só uma alternativa: “fazer”. Para os anglófonos, são duas as opções principais: “MAKE” e “DO”. Você já deve ter ouvido falar que “MAKE” expressa a idéia de “criação”, “fabricação” ou “construção”. Aí você se depara com “MAKE AN OFFER” (fazer uma oferta) ou “MAKE A PHONE CALL” (fazer uma ligação telefônica) e se pergunta: “Onde está a fabricação nisso?” Acredito que a solução ideal seja memorizar a locução como uma unidade, como se fosse uma nova palavra que você aprendeu. É claro que quando digo “memorizar” não estou sugerindo que você saia decorando uma lista enorme de expressões com “MAKE” e com “DO”. Não se trata disso. A palavra-chave nesses casos é “exposição”, ou seja, estar o maior tempo possível em contato com a língua por meio de livros, revistas, jornais, cinema, música, televisão, internet, documentários, conversas etc., além, é claro, das aulas de inglês. De forma gradual, indolor e quase imperceptível, esse novo “vocabulário” será absorvido.

DO
DO BUSINESS = negociar
DO GOOD = fazer o bem
DO HARM = prejudicar
DO HOMEWORK = fazer o dever de casa
DO ONE’S BEST = dar o melhor de si
DO RESEARCH = fazer pesquisa
DO SOMEBODY A FAVOR = fazer um favor a alguém
DO WELL = ter sucesso

MAKE
MAKE A DECISION = tomar uma decisão
MAKE A MISTAKE = cometer um erro
MAKE A NOISE = fazer um ruído
MAKE A PHONE CALL = dar um telefonema

MAKE A PROFIT = lucrar
MAKE A PROMISE = fazer uma promessa
MAKE A SUGGESTION = dar uma sugestão
MAKE AN ATTEMPT = fazer uma tentativa
MAKE AN EFFORT = fazer um esforço
MAKE AN EXCEPTION = abrir uma exceção
MAKE AN OFFER = fazer uma oferta
MAKE ARRANGEMENTS = organizar, planejar
MAKE COFFEE = fazer café
MAKE FRIENDS = fazer amigos
MAKE LOVE = fazer amor
MAKE SOMETHING EASIER = facilitar
MAKE THE MOST OF = aproveitar ao máximo fonte:teclasap

1. Complete using Do or MAKE:

a)I..............a reservation last week,I want to..........it clear!
b)Are you.............overtime?Ithink you.............lots of money.
c)Everyone................an effort to help her.
d)I´ll have to.............an important choice.
e)We always...........our best!You have no reason to complain.
f)It can...............wonders!Believe me!
g)He..................English for three years.
h)You have to.............a test in order to get into college.

Try again:

a)I´ll have to..........a translation next week.
b)Did he............a promise at the party?Will he............anything to help?
c)The doctors are going to............an operation immediately.
d)We decided to.............plans and stop to...............our decisions.
e)You always...........the right thing!
f)Do I have to...............a choice?...........me a favour!
g)You should.............an agreement as soon as possible.

CONDITIONAL TENSE WOULD

Condicional Tense (Futuro do Pretérito e Futuro do Presente)

Para se formar uma frase na forma condicional basta colocar o auxiliar would antes do verbo principal na frase. Os tempos condicionais podem ser:


Simples

Formado por SUJEITO + WOULD+ INFINITIVO SEM “TO”

Ex: I would study. (Eu estudaria/Eu iria estudar).


Contínuo

Formado por SUJEITO+WOULD+BE=V-ING

Ex: I would be studying. (Eu estaria estudando).


Perfeito

Formado por SUJEITO+ WOULD+HAVE+ PARTICÍPIO PASSADO

Ex: I would have studied. (Eu iria ter estudado/ Eu teria estudado).


Os tempos do condicional são muitas vezes usados juntamente com outros tempos verbais, e a conjunção if (se) permite que esta correlação seja feita. Com esta conjunção, se o verbo na frase estiver no presente simples, o outro verbo estará no futuro do presente.



Ex: If I can, I will go wherever you will go. (Se eu puder, eu irei aonde quer que você vá).


Com a conjunção if, havendo verbo no passado, o outro verbo irá para o futuro do pretérito:


Ex: If I could, I would go wherever you will go. (Se eu pudesse, eu iria aonde quer que você fosse). Fonte:colegioweb

EXERCICES

01. Complete com o tempo verbal adequado do verbo entre parêntese:

a) They’ll stop talking if you _______________ them to.

(to ask)

b) If you had told me, I _______________ you.

(to help)

c) If you _______________ smart, you would buy that house.

(to be)

02. His flowers _______________ better if he _______________ them more carefully.

a) would grow – waters.

b) would have grown – had watered

c) would have grow – watered

d) will grow – watered

e) will grew – will water

03. Those students _______________ if they _______________ hard.

a) will succeed – work

b) succeed – will work

c) succeeded – had worked

d) will succeeded – worked

e) n.d.a.

04. If _______________, you’d have had a good time.

a) you go

b) you’d gone

c) you were gone

d) you was gone

e) you went

05. I _______________ have gone if I _______________ received your letter.

a) could – have

b) would – had

c) would – have

d) would – did

e) could – did

06. You'd catch the train if you _____ earlier.

a) leave

b) had left

c) lived

d) will leave

e) left

07. If he _________ thirsty, he'd have drunk some water.

a) was

b) had been

c) were

d) would

e) is

08. If Ted ________ another sandwich, he'll be sick.

a) eat

b) will

c) ate

d) had eaten

e) eats

09. If she _______________, I'd have known it.

a) had arrived

b) would had arrived

c) would arrive

d) will arrive

e) has arrived

10. No one ________ you if you'd not shouted.

a) will hear

b) wouldn't have heard

c) would hear

d) hear

e) would have heard

21 comentários:

Anônimo disse...

1- a) ask
b) would have helped
c) were

2- b) would have grown – had watered

3- a) will succeed – work

4- e) you went

5- b) would – had

6- b) had left

7- c) were

8- a) eat

9- a) had arrived

10- e) would have heard

Alunas: Hellen Luciana e Juliana D'ark

3º A

Anônimo disse...

1- a) ask
b) would have helped
c) were

2- b) would have grown – had watered

3- a) will succeed – work

4- e) you went

5- b) would – had

6- b) had left

7- c) were

8- a) eat

9- a) had arrived

10- e) would have heard

Aluna: Josefa Karine e Maria do Carmo

Anônimo disse...

1- a) ask
b) would have helped
c) were

2- b) would have grown – had watered

3- a) will succeed – work

4- e) you went

5- b) would – had

6- b) had left

7- c) were

8- a) eat

9- a) had arrived

10- e) would have heard

Colégio Estadual Professor João de Oliveira
Alunas: Déborah Sales e Anamisia Cruz
3º"A"
Inglês
Jorge Leal

Anônimo disse...

1)a)ask
b)helped
c)was
2)(c)
3)(a)
4)(c)
5)(c)
6)(e)
7)(d)
8)(b)
9)(e)
10)(c)

alunas:rosane e thamires 3a

Anônimo disse...

1-ask
2-helped
3was
2-c
3-a
4-c
5-c
6-e
7-d
8-b
9-e
10-c

alunas:jessika m. e barbara luana
3a

Anônimo disse...

Respostas:
1(a) ask
(b) helped
(c) was

2-c
3-a
4-c
5-c
6-e
7-d
8-b
9-e CRISTÓVÃO
10-c

Anônimo disse...

Respostas:
1(a) ask
(b) helped
(c) was

2-c
3-a
4-c
5-c
6-e
7-d
8-b
9-e
10-c

deidison e deverton disse...

conditional tense

01- a)ask
b)helped
c)been
02- c)
03- a)
04- b)
05- b)
06- e)
07- b)
08- a)
09- c)
10- e)

dupla: deidison e deverton
série: 3º "A"

jessika disse...

01)a-ask
b-helpd
c-was
02)c
03)a
04)c
05)c
06)a
07)d
08)a
09)c
10)e

Anônimo disse...

Respostas

1 - a)ask.
b) would help.
C) were.

2 - c)

3 - c)

4 - c)

5 - b)

6 - b)

7 - d)

8 - a)

9 - a)

10 - e)

Alunos: Baruc e Greice Kelly

Anônimo disse...

1 - a)ask. b) would help. C) were.

2 - c)

3 - c)

4 - c)

5 - b)

6 - b)

7 - d)

8 - a)

9 - a)

10 - e)

Componentes: Monalisa e Nayara

Anônimo disse...

1- a) ask
b) would have helped
c) were

2- b) would have grown – had watered

3- a) will succeed – work

4- e) you went

5- b) would – had

6- b) had left

7- c) were

8- a) eat

9- a) had arrived

10- e) would have heard

colégio estadual professor joão de oliveira
aluno: sandro henrique santana oliveira
josé rosalvo
3º ano "A"

Monalisa e Nayara disse...

1 - a)ask.
b) would help.
C) were.

2 - c)

3 - c)

4 - c)

5 - b)

6 - b)

7 - d)

8 - a)

9 - a)

10 - e)

Componentes: Monalsia e Nayara

Anônimo disse...

1- a)ask
b)would have helped
c)were

2- b)would have grown – had watered

3- a)will succeed – work

4- e)you went

5- b)would – had

6- b)had left

7- c)were

8- a)eat

9- a)had arrived

10- e)would have heard

Alunas: Bruna Laís e Luana Nayara
3º "A"

Anônimo disse...

Respostas

1-a)ask
b)helpd
c)was

2-b)wold
3-a)will
4-e)you
5-b)would
6-b)had
7-c)were
8-a)eat
9-a)had
10-e)would

alunos jamilton e fabinho

Anônimo disse...

DO X MAKE - CONDITIONAL TENSE

1-

a)ask
b)would have helped
c)were

2- b
3- a
4- e
5- b
6- b
7- c
8- a
9- a
10- e

Alunos : Anne Caroline e José Cosme

3 "A"

Anônimo disse...

1 a) ask
b) would
c) were
2. b) would have grown - has watered
3. a) - will succeed
4. e) you went
5. b) you'd done
6. b) had left
7. c) were
8. a) eat
9. a) had arrived
10. e) would have heard

Alunos: Lucas e Rúben 3º A

Anônimo disse...

1 a) ask
b) would
c) were
2. b) would have grown - has watered
3. a) - will succeed
4. e) you went
5. b) you'd done
6. b) had left
7. c) were
8. a) eat
9. a) had arrived
10. e) would have heard

Alunos: Lucas e Rúben 3º A

Anônimo disse...

1.a)ask
b)help
c)was
2.c)would have grouw-watered
3.a)will succed-work
4.c)you weure gone
5.c)would-have
6.e)left
7.d)would
8.b)will
9.e)has arrived
10.c)would hear

Alunas: Bárbara Regina e Pâmeila Eloine

Anônimo disse...

1.a)ask
b)helped
c)was
2.c)would have grow-watered
3.a)will succeed-work
4.c)you were gone
5.c)would-have
6.e)left
7.d)would
8.b)will
9.e)has arrived
10.c)would hear


nicole e karla

Anônimo disse...

foi um pouco dificil mas conseguimos
alunas:Giderlania e Claudia

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